The Care We Share

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Leptospirosis Outbreak in Los Angeles – The More You Know

Los Angeles County is currently seeing an unprecedented rise of Leptospirosis – with 51 confirmed cases so far. This is the largest outbreak since 2017 and is a leading cause of death and prolonged healthcare issues in dogs at this time. 

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that spreads through skin contact into the bloodstream. Leptospirosis in dogs can cause symptoms like: 

  • Sudden fevers, 
  • Reluctance to move, 
  • Stiffness, 
  • Shivering,
  • Weakness,
  • Lack of appetite, 
  • Rapid dehydration, 
  • Vomiting, 
  • Diarrhea, and 
  • (in some cases) Death. 

Leptospirosis can spread throughout a dog’s entire body – where it can rest in the kidneys, liver, nervous system, eyes and reproductive organs. 

How is Leptospirosis diagnosed? 

It takes a urine and blood test to determine if a dog has leptospirosis, as well as a number of other testing methods. This can cost upwards of $250 to conduct in an office, and even more if it is an emergency visit. 

How can I protect my pet? 

Ask your veterinarian about getting your dog vaccinated against Leptospirosis! Dogs can receive the vaccination against Leptospirosis beginning as young as 6-8 weeks old and up. 

Additionally, research any kennels or day-boarding locations prior to boarding your dog. As leptospirosis spreads easily, any locations that potentially have rat droppings or where dogs are interacting with each other (skin, saliva or urine spread) may pose a risk for your pet – especially if they are not vaccinated! 

Can leptospirosis spread to humans? 

YES. Be sure to protect yourself and wear gloves when handling a dog that has leptospirosis! If there is urine, vomit or any other type of fluid or waste that comes from your pet, handle it with care and keep children and other pets away from the area. 

Photo by Mike Burke on Unsplash

Pet Health Checklist

Pets are the best friends to us humans. They probably understand human emotions than our fellow humans would. Also, pets, to a high degree, blindly trust their owners. Although, they cannot talk to us, they definitely know how to communicate with us. We have the privilege to watch our pets grow; We get to play with them, pamper them, and most of all, care for them. Our pets may seem completely fine and healthy to us from outside. However, the real question remains – are they really healthy from within? 

If you are wondering how to figure out what a healthy pet looks like, here are some appropriate signs to look for:

  • Ears: Start with the ears and check if they are clean. Healthy ears will not have a bad odor, and they won’t show redness, and will be devoid of excessive wax.
  • Eyes: The next thing to check out are the eyes. Much like humans, clear and bright eyes are a good sign, this means they are well maintained. Look out for redness and watery eyes; These are signs of unhealthy vision.
  • Mouth: A healthy mouth may or may not have bad breath. Consult your veterinarian regarding this. But you can check out is red and swollen gums. Discolored teeth and gums also mean possible problems surfacing in the mouth. This could lead to gum disease and loss of teeth.
  • Coat & Skin: A healthy-looking coat will always be devoid of redness. It will not be flaky. Also, the skin won’t be excessively dry and won’t have any scabs or lumps.
  • Joints & Bones: You can figure this out by keeping a close watch on how your dog or cat is moving around. Healthy bones and joints will facilitate normal activities with ease. Concerns will arise if they are limping or having trouble while standing up. If they do not hesitate to walk or use the stairs then the pets have no problems with their bones or joint movement.
  • Weight: To check on whether the pets weigh right, look out for a slight tuck in behind the ribs or a visible “waist”. Signs of pets maintaining their weight are that their ribs can be felt easily but not seen.
  • Lungs & Heart: Signs of a healthy cardiovascular system include no sneezing, wheezing, labored breath, and coughing. Check if the pets are refraining from playing and exercising and if they are getting tired too easily.
  • Digestive System: A healthy digestive system paves the way to a normal appetite. Vomiting, diarrhea, swollen abdomen, passing gas, burping more than usual, and having trouble passing stool are signs of a malfunctioning digestive system.
  • Urinary System: Pets that are home-trained won’t cause accidents in the house. Check if the urine of your pet smells and looks different than usual. See if they are having trouble urinating or are completely unable to urinate. Such a case demands immediate medical attention. They could be facing life-threatening blockage.

It is time to take a pet’s health seriously, and all of this starts with you. It is your responsibility to schedule regular welfare sessions for your pets with the vet. Also, keep the vaccinations up-to-date. This helps in staying on top to prevent parasite manifestation. Make a perfectly nutritional and complete diet for the pet. Training the pets and helping them get adequate exercise works like magic for their health. Take good care of them. Help them stay strong, happy, healthy, and lively. Start today!          

How to Prevent Dental Disease in Cats and Dogs

Our friends at Healthcare for Pets have an article on dental health for your pets. Taking care of our pets teeth can be an ordeal. But it is an ordeal we all must undertake. Over 85% of pets will deal with a dental issue. These issue are unseen and difficult to detect but with a trained eye, they can be dealt with. Here’s what you can do to avoid a huge dental bill. Original article: By: Dr. Clayton Greenway, B.Sc., DVM

happy purebred dog with opened mouth
Photo by Ryutaro Tsukata on

Dental disease is a common problem. It’s estimated that 85% of our pets have a significant degree of dental disease. Not many pet owners focus on this aspect of their pet’s health because it is largely unseen…we don’t often look in our pet’s mouth, particularly way at the back where dental disease in cats and dogs is more common. I’ve seen it advance to the point where it can have a severely negative impact on a pet’s quality of life and daily comfort. The mouth can end up being a source of infection that can spread to other sites in the body.

Small breed dogs and ‘brachycephalic breeds’ (the breeds with the ultra-short muzzles like Pugs, Bulldogs, and Pekingese) are particularly prone to poor dental health. Their mouths are small and their teeth don’t oppose each other well. This causes tartar on dogs teeth and cats teeth to accumulate easily. That tartar can then cause the gingiva or ‘gum’ to become inflamed, also known as gingivitis. This leads to periodontal disease, dog or cat tooth abscess, pain and the loss of teeth.  The same process will happen to any pet without sufficient dental care.

You can imagine how bad our teeth would be if we never brushed daily or refused to visit the dentist regularly. Our pets’ teeth are like ours: if they’re not taken care of, they’ll end up falling out just like ours would. With dental disease, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. There are a few things you can do to prevent tartar formation in your pet’s mouth. The two most effective things are brushing the teeth and a tartar diet.

Brushing is by far the best thing you can do. It sounds like a lot of work, but it is easily performed. Ask your veterinarian or the registered veterinary technicians at your local clinic to demonstrate brushing to you and give you tips on helping your pet gradually accept having their teeth brushed. It is important to only use an effective, enzymatic toothpaste when brushing. The best cat toothpaste and dog toothpaste are ones that carry the VOHC (Veterinary Oral Health Council) seal as they have been put through rigorous testing to confirm that they are effective. These kinds of VOHC approved toothpaste have enzymes that coat the teeth and prevent tartar accumulation and have antibacterial activity.

I don’t often recommend the other common items such as treats, chews, and solutions you add to the water. They may be supportive in the control of tartar and reducing bacteria in the mouth, but they are far less valuable than simple brushing and using dental diets. I am often amazed at our general thought that giving a pet a particular treat will clean canine and feline teeth—it’s a concept that seems to be well accepted amongst many pet owners. But I ask you, what treat do you eat to clean your teeth? If such a thing existed, we would be giving them to our kids and eating them ourselves on the way to work.

There are medical diets that are designed to scrape the plaque on dog’s teeth and cat’s teeth. Other medical diets contain products that mix with saliva to create an antibacterial effect in the mouth. I have worked as a veterinarian long enough to witness the effect dental care dog food and cat food diets have and they do have a profound impact. I would strongly caution pet owners to carefully evaluate these products— the packaging can make any claim without having to back it up. It’s important to speak to your veterinarian about these diets and confirm that it is one that is proven to work. Keep in mind that while a medical diet may be a little more expensive, it often is cheaper in the long run because it can help avoid expensive dental cleanings. I would also make a note here that I have seen some raw dietsand non-traditional or homemade diets work well at preventing tartar, but again, you would want to evaluate these choices for yourself.

While prevention is important, a dog or cat dental cleaning under a general anaesthetic is the only way to truly remove tartar from the teeth. I’ve known the occasional client that has bought a dental tool and scraped their pet’s teeth if they’re good enough to hold still, and in some cases, they can do a good job, but keep in mind that disease occurs under the dog and cat gums as well. Accessing these areas require anaesthesia. The previously mentioned strategies only reduce the progression of tartar development. Scaling and polishing the teeth under a general anaesthetic will remove all tartar and allow for a full evaluation of the integrity of the teeth. Visiting your veterinarian for an oral examination annually is key to monitoring the state of your pet’s mouth and keeping it healthy.

Four Basic Dog Etiquette Rules Every Owner Should Know

Etiquette is the way in which we conduct ourselves around others. There are rules for how to act at a dinner table, at a party, at school, and even when conversing with strangers. There are also rules for how to be a good dog owner. These focus not only on how we tend to our dog’s needs, but how we present our dog to the rest of the world. Being a dog owner means taking responsibility for our pet’s actions and making sure that these actions do not disrespect or inconvenience others. Here are four basic dog etiquette rules that you should be familiar with.

Clean Up After Your Dog

As you well know, dogs cannot always be held accountable for when and where they relieve themselves. As a dog owner, you can train your pup to wait or to go outside, but eventually nature’s call will come around, and your dog will answer it. Essentially the rule goes: your dog’s mess is your own mess. When messes occur on your own property, not much harm has been done. However, when you and your dog are out and about, any messes that occur in public should be handled by you and you alone, especially when they occur on another’s property.

Imagine the fury of your neighbors as they accidentally step in a mess your dog made. Imagine how you would feel in a similar situation. This is why, as an owner, you should always have doggie bags on hand to clean up after your dog. Solid waste should always be handled and disposed of immediately.

Keep Your Dog Contained

The next rule to keep in mind is to respect that others you encounter on the street may not wish to interact with your dog. Not everyone can be expected to be a dog person, and having a dog jump up on you unexpectedly as you walk along the street can be very startling. To avoid encroaching on the space of your neighbors, keep your dog nearby on a leash and only let him interact with others if they express an explicit desire to do so.

Maintain the Peace

There comes a time in the evening when families arrive back at home and begin settling down. During this time, it expected that there be a relative peace and quiet in the neighborhood. As a dog owner, your responsibility in part is to maintain this peace by keeping your own pet quiet during the evening hours. Some breeds are more inclined to bark than others, but whether your dog is a Yorkie or a retriever, you should keep him as quiet as possible.

Having trouble cleaning pet stains from the carpet?
Here’s an article from Oh So Spotless – Click Here

Respect Your Neighbors’ Property

Finally, it is always important to respect what isn’t yours. While it may be obvious to you where your property line ends and your neighbor’s begins, your own dog will not be so astute. Therefore, you should find other means to ensure that your dog will respect the boundaries of his territory. Typically, a fence works fine, but it’s usually best to hire a pro to take care of installing one. Go online to find the best wood fence installers near you.

Dog owners should keep in mind that their dog is a reflection of themselves. If a dog leaves a mess on the sidewalk, barks wildly into the night, or chases after the neighbor’s cat, then the owner should bear just as much of the blame. As an owner, you must take the appropriate steps to ensure that you, your dog, and your neighborhood coexist in harmony.

Photo Credit: Pixabay

Trail Dog Treats is Your Pet’s Favorite New Healthy Snack

Preface: In keeping with Eusoh’s pledge for great pet health, we are highlighting new and innovative pet products like foods, treats, and supplements. We encourage our members and viewers of our site to consider these independent manufacturers who truly have a passion for pet health, growth, and happiness.

Here is Trail Dog Treats from Colorado, A brand that grew from neighborhood farmers’ markets, pet charity events, and store demos. All of this came about because of an energetic Chocolate Lab named “Tatum”.

What’s in Trail Dog Treats?

Here’s a listing of some of the ingredients: Organic rye flour, sunflower seeds, organic flax meal, carrots, cornmeal, almonds, honey, all natural peanut butter, rolled oats, molasses & more!!

For a complete listing, please visit this link:

From Nancy Thompson, CEO and Founder of Trail Dog Treats.

“Trail Dog Treats was born on one of many trail adventures with my Chocolate Lab, Tatum (former VP of Research and Development). Tatum loved sharing my human snacks while hiking, running and camping together; eating apples, granola and peanut butter to stay energized. After realizing the benefits of making a homemade treat with these types of ingredients, I decided to make Tatum her very own snacks. Together, we’ve mixed and tasted, researched and baked, ultimately creating a line of four wheat/soy/dairy free, all natural flavors to share with our furry friends.”

Nancy Thompson is very passionate about the health and well-being of dogs. Through extensive pet health research and being a dog owner for many years, she is an authoritative voice in this field. She found the key to long pet life was daily exercise and playtime to go with an extremely healthy and balance diet.

With so many cases of obesity, cancer, and allergies in dogs nowadays, it’s important to learn how to prevent such problems that can escalate into serious disease and death. Trail Dog Treats believe that prevention is key. Teaching dog owners the importance of a healthy diet, physical, mental and social well-being is crucial.

To purchase from Trail Dog Treats, please visit their website.